Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical light cosmetic procedure that uses a mechanical device to exfoliate and remove the outer layer of dead skin cells from the epidermis. Microdermabrasion usually uses two parts which are an exfoliating material crystal or flakes and a machine that uses suction to gently lift of the skin during the exfoliation process. It is non-invasive and a procedure which is normally done by a healthcare professional. It can also be performed at home using different products that are designed to mechanically exfoliate the skin. There are many salon machines and home-use machines that have adjustable suction to improve the efficiency of the abrasion tool. In recent years, many cosmetic scrubbing products that contain grit made from the pits of fruits and materials are using the term of microdermabrasion in their marketing.
The process is a simple and painless procedure that rejuvenates skin using a combination of an abrasive tip or crystals and a vacuum suction which is applied to the skin. Normally, during a treatment, there are no needles or anesthetics. The pressure and the speed of the vacuum are adjusted depending on the sensitivity and tolerance of the skin. There is a common analogy that using microdermabrasion is like the feeling of a cat that is licking the skin; a rough but gentle texture.
A typical session can last from five minutes to a full hour. There is very little to no recovery time needed, and after a session, most people are able to go out and continue their daily activity. Certain makeups and non-irritating creams can normally be applied to the skin after a few hours but since there is often an immediate increase in minor skin sensitivity after a session, irritating products like glycolic acids or fragranced creams and lotions should be avoided.
Traditional microdermabrasion systems use a pump and hand piece and a vacuum source. The pump creates a high pressure stream of tiny particle crystals such as aluminum oxide, magnesium oxide, sodium chloride and sodium bicarbonate to cover the skin. The vacuum then removes the crystals and in turn, exfoliates the skin.
The Costs of Getting Microdermabrasion
While microdermabrasion is one of the most effective ways to treat acne and other respective skin conditions, just like with everything else in life, it costs money. When considering getting microdermabrasion, there a few factors that you need to be aware of. The first is the physical location of the treatment center you want to use. This could be in your town or a couple towns over or even in the next state over. The next thing to consider is the exact location where you want to be treated. This means if you want the procedure done at a clinic, a day spa or even in the privacy of your own home. The next factor is where on your body you want to be treated. The most common area is the face but other areas can be treated as well. The last factor is the severity of your skin’s condition. It makes sense that it may cost more if you have a severe condition than if you didn’t have one as bad.
Believe it or not, but you can actually buy your own microdermabrasion kit and do the treatment in your own home. The simplest kit can cost you around fifteen dollars while the more intricate kits can cost you up to over two hundred dollars. Some kits come with a hand-held device that uses a rotating surface to massage the abrasive cream onto the skin. These kits may be a bit more expensive than the others that you run in with your fingers but they tend to produce better results. Many beauty salons and spas offer microdermabrasion sessions that can cost anywhere from seventy five to two hundred dollars. The prices also vary depending on the spa and there are some places that may offer package discounts of five or ten percent if you pay upfront for future treatments.
Medical microdermabrasion treatments are performed by a dermatologist or surgeon in a clinic or medical facility. This option for microdermabrasion is usually the most expensive. Just one treatment on your face can cost anywhere from one hundred to three hundred dollars. Of course, these estimates are not included in the consultation cost or the cost of anesthesia. The amount you pay at a medical facility also can depend on what types of machines they are using. Certain machines are safer than others and the price and results will reflect upon that machine.
To get the best results out of the microdermabrasion treatments, most doctors and dermatologists will recommend a series of treatments. The series might consist of four to six treatments at seven to ten day intervals. Most doctors believe that waiting ten days is the full amount of time to wait for the skin to heal. A full series of treatments can cost you up to a couple thousand dollars.
Using a Microdermabrasion Kit at Home
There are different microdermabrasion kits that you can buy from your local drugstore or pharmacy. Companies like L’Oreal, Dove and Neutrogena sell kits that more or less contain the same ingredients. Most kits come with two bottles which are the microdermabrasion crystals and a post-treatment moisturizer. Some of those kits will also include a battery-operated dermabrasion that will massage the crystals into your skin. Before using your kit, you will want to wash your face with a gentle cleanser and remove any makeup left on the face. Pat your skin with a towel but leave your skin damp.
Now you will take a small amount of the microdermabrasion crystals onto your fingertips. Then you would gently rub the product into your face with small circular motions. Be sure to apply the crystals all over your face including along your hairline. Continue massaging the crystals into your face. If your kit came with a microdermabrasion wand, massage your face using that instead. When you are done, rinse your face with cool water and pat dry with a towel. Then dispense a quarter-sized amount of the post-treatment moisturizer onto your fingers and apply onto your face. Massage the cream into your skin until it is fully absorbed.
Be sure to use your dermabrasion kit up to three times a week for optimal results. Avoid using it on consecutive days to give your skin some time to heal before you repeat the process again. If you have very sensitive skin, then you should try and limit yourself to using the kit only about once a week.
A couple things to remember when using your microdermabrasion kit.
The first is to use sunscreen every time you go outside since your skin will be more susceptible to sun burns and sun damage. Also, your at-home dermabrasion kits may cause your skin to tingle and look a bit pinkish after treatment. If your skin does become excessively red or irritated, you should talk to your dermatologist about what cour4s of action to take.
Microdermabrasion Home Remedies
Although microdermabrasion kits and machines, or making a trip to the medical center can cost a fortune. However, there are a few home remedies that pretty much emulate the process without all that high-tech equipment.
Sugar and Salt: The grittiness of both salt and sugar provide a natural way to remove dead skin from the body. You mix 1 tablespoon of both the sugar and salt and mix them with a one half tablespoon of olive oil. Take the sugar salt scrub and gently rub it on your body while in the shower. Avoid scrubbing too hard as you could damage your skin. It is okay to use the scrub on your face but it should be done with only gentle pressure.
Baking Soda Paste: Baking soda absorbs oil while lightly exfoliating the facial skin. Mix 2 teaspoons baking soda with 2 to 3 teaspoons of water to form a thin paste. Apply the paste gently, rubbing it into the skin. Allow the baking soda paste to remain on the skin for five minutes. Rinse your face clean with cool water. Apply 1 teaspoon of moisturizer to the face.
Fruit: Fruits contain natural enzymes and acids that when applied to the face, remove dead cells leaving the face fresh looking. Cut up papaya and pineapple into small chunks and place in the blender. Set the blender on high to puree the fruit. Add 1 to 2 teaspoons of cornstarch to thicken the puree. Keep adding cornstarch to the puree until you achieve the desired thickness. Apply the puree as a mask onto the face. Leave the mask on your face for 5 minutes, and rinse clean with cool water.
Lemon Juice: Lemon juice is known to lighten hair and skin imperfections. The acid in the lemons also removes dead skin cells from the face. Cut half of a lemon into chunks, and squeeze the juice onto a cotton ball. Glide the cotton ball over your face. Allow the lemon juice to remain on the face for ten minutes, and then rinse away with cool water.